Causes And Symptoms Of Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a specific form of eczema and the most common chronic inflammatory skin disease. This inflammation has a complex etiology that includes genetic and environmental factors that lead to abnormalities in the skin and immune system.

In this article, we will highlight the causes and symptoms of atopic dermatitis.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis, Causes of atopic dermatitis
Causes and symptoms of atopic dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is part of the atopic triad (atopic dermatitis, allergic nasal conjunctivitis and asthma).

What is atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. It is common in children but can occur at any age. A long-term or chronic illness with a tendency to flare up periodically, which may be associated with asthma or hay fever.

Atopic dermatitis Patients with atopic triad have a defect in the skin barrier, upper respiratory tract, and lower respiratory tract which results in their symptoms.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis signs and symptoms: Atopic dermatitis often begins before the age of five and may persist into adolescence and adulthood.

For some people, it may flare periodically and then go away for some time, even for several years. Its symptoms vary greatly from person to person and include:

  • Skin dryness.
  • Itching may be severe, especially at night.
  • Red to brownish-gray spots, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the folds of the elbows and knees, face and scalp.
  • Small, raised bumps that may leak fluid and flake off when scratched.
  • The appearance of thickened, cracked, scaly, and swollen skin from scratching.

Causes of atopic dermatitis

Causes of atopic dermatitis: Patients with atopic dermatitis have a defective skin barrier that is susceptible to dryness, environmental irritants, and allergens that may lead to inflammation and itching.

Atopic dermatitis causes in adults: The septal defect may be caused in part by low levels of ceramides, which are lipids in the stratum cornea that play a role in the skin's protective barrier function and prevent trans epidermal water loss.

Atopic dermatitis etiology: A defective cutaneous barrier allows irritants and allergens to penetrate the skin and cause inflammation.

Atopic dermatitis has a higher incidence in higher latitudes, which may be associated with lower exposure to sunlight and lower levels of moisture.

Treatment of atopic dermatitis

Treatment of atopic dermatitis: No cure for atopic dermatitis has been found, but treatments and self-care measures can relieve itching and prevent outbreaks of new diseases.

Atopic dermatitis treatment over the counter: For example, avoiding harsh soaps and moisturizing your skin regularly with a moisturizing cream or medicated ointment can help treat this type of dermatitis.

You should see your doctor if your condition is affecting sleep and daily activities or you continue to have symptoms despite trying home remedies. Seek immediate medical attention for your child if the rash appears to be feverish.

Home remedies for atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis treatment at home: Using petroleum jelly on your child's skin may help prevent the development of atopic dermatitis.

1- Avoiding the triggers may lead to the treatment of atopic dermatitis

Try to identify and avoid triggers that exacerbate the condition. Things that can aggravate a skin reaction include sweat, stress and obesity, soaps, detergents, dust and pollen.

Minimize your exposure to your triggers. Infants and children may experience agitation from eating certain foods, including eggs, milk, soy and wheat.

2- Moisturizing the skin may lead to the treatment of atopic dermatitis

Limit your shower and bath time to 10 to 15 minutes, and use warm water instead of hot water.

Dry yourself carefully after you shower, gently pat the skin dry with a soft towel and apply a moisturizing cream while your skin is still damp.

3- Bathing with bleach may lead to treatment of atopic dermatitis

A bleach bath or a bleach bath can help prevent flare-ups, as a diluted bleach bath reduces bacteria on the skin and related infections.

You can add 1/2 cup of household bleach, not concentrated bleach, to a 40-pack bathtub filled with warm water. Then soak from the neck down or affected areas of the skin for 10 minutes.


The information in this article alone is not sufficient to diagnose a disease/condition, always consult a doctor.

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) | Atopic Triad, Triggers, Who gets it, Why does it happen, & Treatment YouTube

In this video Lesson on Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema). Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, autoimmune skin inflammatory characterized by pruritic skin lesions in various areas of the body.

Atopic dermatitis is associated with conditions of the Atopic Triad, including asthma and other allergies. Several risk factors and triggers can induce and exacerbate atopic dermatitis; however, there are also several protective factors that can improve and/or reduce the risk of developing atopic dermatitis.

Treatment involves avoidance of triggers and certain types of food as well as topical corticosteroids and other topical and oral treatments as well.

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